IOTA is a open-source distributed ledger that is being built to power the future of the Internet of Things with feeless microtransactions and data integrity for machines. It goes beyond blockchain through its core invention of the blockless Tangle. The IOTA Tangle is a quantum-proof Directed Acyclic Graph, with no fees on transactions & no fixed limit on how many transactions can be confirmed per second in the network.
Unlike blockchain architecture, IOTA has no separation between users and validators; rather, validation is an intrinsic property of using the ledger, thus avoiding centralization.
EOS.IO is software that introduces a blockchain architecture designed to enable vertical and horizontal scaling of decentralized applications (the “EOS.IO Software”). This is achieved through an operating system-like construct upon which applications can be built. The software provides accounts, authentication, databases, asynchronous communication and the scheduling of applications across multiple CPU cores and/or clusters. The resulting technology is a blockchain architecture that has the potential to scale to millions of transactions per second, eliminates user fees and allows for quick and easy deployment of decentralized applications.
EOS tokens are ERC-20 compatible tokens distributed on the Ethereum blockchain pursuant to a related ERC-20 smart contract (the “EOS Tokens”).
We believe that EOS means different things to different people. We have received numerous amazing interpretations of what EOS stands for or what it should stand for so we have decided not to formally define it ourselves.
CampusCoin is a Proof of Work cryptocurrency that aims to be used by college students worldwide for instant transactions between peers at their schools. The CampusCoin Project aims to bring the benefits of crypto to college and university campuses.As a cryptocurrency, CampusCoin offers many advantages over conventional fiat money for members of the campus community: students, their parents, the school administration and, by extension, nearby retailers.
Taking the intrinsic elements of cryptocurrency combined with incorporating new technological advancements added by the CampusCoin team will add in simplifying and streamlining the most important ecosystem of education.These intrinsic elements include blockchain, peer-to-peer network, cryptography and consensus algorithm.These elements function together to secure and increase the speed of transaction.Othe features include increase anonymity, lower transaction fees, and irreversible transactions.These properties will be enhanced using the CampusCoin mobile app combined with unique technologies such as the Cryptocurrency Payment Network, the sub-ledger system, proof of location, and academically driven smart contracts.
Verge is a privacy focused public ledger, that is verified by blockchain technology. The core foundation is built around decentralized transactions that are supported by a global community.
To bring user privacy to the masses and keep the original vision of Bitcoin alive by providing user privacy in a public ledger.
The total coin supply limit is ~16.5 billion (16,555,000,000 to be exact). It is important to understand that not all of the coins have been released and are on a time-based release. ~9 billion coins were released during the first year (2014) and 1 billion more coins have been (and will be) released every year until the total supply cap has been reached.
NEO (AntShares) is a smart asset platform and the first open source public blockchain project in China. Smart assets are the combination of smart blockchain contracts and digital assets, making registering, distributing and trading digital assets more intelligent.
The Development of AntShares
Compliance with the Physical World
Fulfilling the needs of financial transactions
Highly scalable architecture design
Cardano is a decentralised public blockchain and cryptocurrency project and is fully open source. Cardano is developing a smart contract platform which seeks to deliver more advanced features than any protocol previously developed. It is the first blockchain platform to evolve out of a scientific philosophy and a research-first driven approach. The development team consists of a large global collective of expert engineers and researchers.
Built for enterprise use, XRP offers banks and payment providers a reliable, on-demand option to source liquidity for cross-border payments.
Ripple provides one frictionless experience to send money globally using the power of blockchain. By joining Ripple’s growing, global network, financial institutions can process their customers’ payments anywhere in the world instantly, reliably and cost-effectively. Banks and payment providers can use the digital asset XRP to further reduce their costs and access new markets. With offices in San Francisco, New York, London, Sydney, India, Singapore and Luxembourg, Ripple has more than 90 customers around the world.
TRON is a blockchain-based decentralized protocol that aims to construct a worldwide free content entertainment system with the blockchain and distributed storage technology. The protocol allows each user to freely publish, store and own data, and in the decentralized autonomous form, decides the distribution, subscription and push of contents and enables content creators by releasing, circulating and dealing with digital assets, thus forming a decentralized content entertainment ecosystem.
Peiwo App with over 10 million users will become the first TRON-compatible entertainment APP.
TRON’s official currency is TRONIX. TRONIX is the basic unit of accounts in TRON’s blockchain. The value of all other tokens are derived from the value of TRON.
TRON Power (TP) TP is locked TRON. Users can acquire TP by locking their TRONIX. TP, in nature, is TRONIX with voting right, which means TP holders have more privileges in the ecosystem.
TRON 20 TOKEN Content owners (IPs, individuals, and groups) can issue their digital assets freely through TRON 20 standards, while others can enjoy the benefits and services brought by the constant growth of data contributor by buying these digital assets.
Zilliqa is the first public blockchain designed to implement sharding, allowing for linear scaling as the blockchain grows in size. To date, scalability has been an issue for existing blockchain technologies. Zilliqa fundamentally changes how a blockchain reaches consensus. Their sharding solution scales with the size of the network. Theoretically, there’s no limit to the number of transactions Zilliqa could process per second. Practically, however, depending on the number of nodes on the network, Zilliqa could process tens or hundreds of thousands of transactions per second.
Zilliqa also promises to support smart contracts. Running smart contracts on a sharded network is a major technical challenge for Zilliqa. In this article, we’ll explore how they’re approaching scalability for transactions and smart contracts. We’ll also investigate Zilliqa’s team and roadmap to see if they’re up to the task.
NEO(was AntShares) is the use of blockchain technology and digital identity to digitize assets, the use of smart contracts for digital assets to be self-managed, to achieve "smart economy" with a distributed network.
Economic Model NEO has two native tokens, NEO (abbreviated symbol NEO) and NeoGas (abbreviated symbol GAS). NEO, with a total of 100 million tokens, represents the right to manage the network. Management rights include voting for bookkeeping, NEO network parameter changes, and so on. The minimum unit of NEO is 1 and tokens cannot be subdivided. GAS is the fuel token for the realization of NEO network resource control, with a maximum total limit of 100 million. The NEO network charges for the operation and storage of tokens and smart contracts, thereby creating economic incentives for bookkeepers and preventing the abuse of resources. The minimum unit of GAS is 0.00000001. In the creation block of the NEO network, 100 million NEOs are generated, GAS has not yet been generated. 100 million GAS, corresponding to the 100 million NEO, will be generated through a decay algorithm in about 22 years time to address holding NEO. If NEO is transferred to a new address, the subsequent GAS generated will be credited to the new address. The NEO network will set a threshold by voting to exempt GAS from a certain amount of transfer transactions and smart contract operations to enhance the user experience. When a large amount of spam transactions occur, NeoID can be used to prioritize transactions and smart contracts with qualified identities. Transactions and smart contracts with no qualifying digital identities can get priority by paying GAS. GAS distribution
GAS is generated with each new block. The initial total amount of GAS is zero. With the increasing rate of new block generation, the total limit of 100 million GAS will be achieved in about 22 years. The interval between each block is about 15-20 seconds, and 2 million blocks are generated in about one year.
Each year around 2 million blocks will be generated and the initial generation will be 8 GAS per block. There will be an annual reduction of 1 GAS per block, per year, to coincide with the passing of every 2 million blocks. The reduction will continue down to just 1 GAS per block and will be held at that rate for around 22 years. After the 44 millionth block the total GAS generated will have reached 100 million and from this point there will be no further generation of GAS from new blocks.
According to this release curve, 16% of the GAS will be created in the first year, 52% of the GAS will be created in the first four years, and 80% of the GAS will be created in the first 12 years. These GAS will be distributed proportionally in accordance with the NEO holding ratio, recorded in the corresponding addresses. NEO holders can initiate a claim transaction at any time and claim these GAS tokens at their holding addresses.
What is Bitcoin Cash? Bitcoin Cash is peer-to-peer electronic cash for the Internet. It is fully decentralized, with no central bank and requires no trusted third parties to operate. Is Bitcoin Cash different from 'Bitcoin'? Yes. Bitcoin Cash is the continuation of the Bitcoin project as peer-to-peer digital cash. It is a fork of the Bitcoin blockchain ledger, with upgraded consensus rules that allow it to grow and scale. If I own Bitcoin, do I automatically own Bitcoin Cash too? Yes. Because Bitcoin Cash is a fork of the ledger, that means you own the same amount of Bitcoin Cash as you did Bitcoin at the time of the forking block. However, if your Bitcoins are stored by a third party such as an exchange, then you must inquire with them about your cash. How is transaction replay being handled between the new and the old blockchain? Bitcoin Cash transactions use a new flag SIGHASH_FORKID, which is non standard to the legacy blockchain. This prevents Bitcoin Cash transactions from being replayed on the Bitcoin blockchain and vice versa.
What is BitCoin? Bitcoin is a peer to peer, open source, decentralized digital cryptocurrency. It operates with no central authority regulating it unlike any other Fiat currency (USD, EURO, INR). The best benefit of Bitcoin is the ease of transferability to any place in the world with very fewer fees. The transactions of Bitcoin transfers are verified by the network nodes, with the use of cryptography and are recorded in a ledger which is publicly accessible called blockchain. The transactions remain anonymous and only sender and receiver know the details of the transaction, a uniques hash is generated for every transaction on the blockchain.
It is the first digitized digital currency, which came into existence by a whitepaper authored by Satoshi Nakamoto, titled Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System, the Bitcoin network came into reality when Satoshi Nakamoto mined the first block ever created on the chain, known as the genesis block. Like the fiat money is stored in accounts backed by banks, Bitcoins are stored in Bitcoin Wallets. Every wallet has multiple addresses, and a user can create multiple addressed for every unique transaction.
Litecoin is a peer-to-peer cryptocurrency and open source software project released under the MIT/X11 license.Creation and transfer of coins are based on an open source cryptographic protocol and is not managed by any central authority.The coin was inspired by, and in technical details is nearly identical to, Bitcoin (BTC).
The Litecoin Network aims to process a block every 2.5 minutes, rather than Bitcoin's 10 minutes. The developers claim that this allows Litecoin to have faster transaction confirmation.Litecoin uses the script in its proof-of-work algorithm, a sequential memory-hard function requiring asymptotically more memory than an algorithm which is not memory-hard. Due to Litecoin's use of the script algorithm, FPGA and ASIC devices made for mining Litecoin are more complicated to create and more expensive to produce than they are for Bitcoin, which uses SHA-256.
0x is an open protocol for decentralized exchange on the Ethereum blockchain. It is intended to serve as a basic building block that may be combined with other protocols to drive increasingly sophisticated dApps. 0x uses a publicly accessible system of smart contracts that can act as shared infrastructure for a variety of dApps, as shown in Figure 1. In the long run, open technical standards tend to win over closed ones, and as more assets are being tokenized on the blockchain each month, we will see more dApps that require the use of these different tokens. As a result, an open standard for exchange is critical to supporting this open economy.
0x protocol token (ZRX) is utilized in two ways:
1) to solve the coordination problem and drives network effects around liquidity, creating a feedback loop where early adopters of the protocol benefit from wider adoption.
2) to be used for decentralized governance over 0x protocol's update mechanism.
The Qtum is an open source blockchain and cryptocurrency developed by QTUM Foundation based out of Singapore. It is an open-source value transfer protocol and decentralized application platform for businesses that executes smart contracts using a proof-of-consensus mechanism. The Qtum blockchain will allow lite wallets running on mobile phone devices to interact with DApps and smart contracts. It will support the simple payment verification (SPV) protocol so that transactions can be signed using a mobile device and Internet of Things devices can also be operated and integrated using smart contracts.
In simple terms, QTUM is the hybrid of Bitcoin and Ethereum. It takes the best parts of both the blockchains and combines it in the real world to give us the best of both Bitcoin and Ethereum.QTUM developers took Bitcoin core’s code and changed its consensus mechanism from POW to POS and then implemented Ethereum’s EVM (aka Ethereum Virtual Machine) over the modified Bitcoin code base.
Ethereum (ETH) is an open-source, public, blockchain-based distributed computing platform featuring smart contract (scripting) functionality, which facilitates online contractual agreements. Ethereum also provides a cryptocurrency token called "ether", which can be transferred between accounts and used to compensate participant nodes for computations performed. "Gas", an internal transaction pricing mechanism, is used to mitigate spamand allocate resources on the network.
History of Ethereum
The value token of the Ethereum blockchain is called ether. It is listed under the diminutive ETH and traded on cryptocurrency exchanges. It is also used to pay for transaction fees and computational services on the Ethereum network.
Tokens can be volatile per circumstances, such as ether's plunge from $21.50 to $8 when The DAO was hacked on 17 June 2016. As of June 2017, the value of ether had risen to more than $400, a 5,000% rise since the beginning of the year. Volatility continued, however, including a "flash crash" triggered by a large sell order on one exchange which briefly dropped the price to $0.10, after which it recovered to more than $300.
Ethereum Classic is a decentralized platform that runs smart contracts: applications that run exactly as programmed without any possibility of downtime, censorship, fraud or third party interference. Ethereum Classic is a continuation of the original Ethereum blockchain - the classic version preserving untampered history; free from external interference and subjective tampering of transactions.
VeChain is a global leading blockchain platform for products and information. In the past two years, VeChain has accumulated great amount of experience in providing blockchain solutions to various industries including liquor, auto, luxury goods, retail, logistics, supply chain, etc. The vision of VeChain is to build a trust-free and distributed business ecosystem based on the Blockchain technology self-circulated and expanding.
Participants in VeChain Ecosystem
The ICON Project aims to build a decentralized network that allows independent blockchains with different governances to transact with one another without intermediaries. Essentially, anyone will be able to create a new blockchain project and join the network, which will be free to connect with existing projects and create new unique worlds, together forming a blockchain multiverse and ecosystem. ICON is a vision with a proven track record and has progressed beyond the initial concept stage. ICON already boasts communities comprised of reputable institutions – banks, securities, insurance, hospitals, universities, and more. A future with faster money remittance and frictionless value exchange of securities, medical records, academic data, insurance fees is within our reach.
Hcash and Hshare Since it takes time to implement Hcash code and feature development, after the end of the ICO all investors will get Hshare which is based on current mature UTXO blockchain as a token first. After the Hcash main line is on the line, you can redeem any Hshare exchange or Hcash official team with Hcash on any on-line Hshare exchange. And after about 10 months to complete all the acceptance and replacement. The Hcash team will use technical means to destroy all Hshare. All Hshare will be permanently destroyed after the deadline. Hshare's open source code Under Hcash's GitHub page, everyone can read and review the source code for Hshare and confirm that the total number of Hsahre releases is the same as the Hcash number specified in the Hcash white paper.
Haven. Limited Token Supply Hcash has a finite supply of tokens. The supply closes to 84 million, and will be separated into six channels: • 21 million (25%) will be created by PoW; • 21 million (25%) will be created by PoS; • ICO and free distribution will account for 21 million (25%); • Pre-ICO investors will hold 12.6 million (15%); • 4.2 million (5%) will belong to the development team & Hcash fund, • 4.2 million (5%) will be allocated to Hcash-DAO.
ælf is a decentralized self-evolving cloud computing network. To establish a Blockchain infrastructure suitable for commercial requirements, ælf provides a highly efficient multi-chain parallel-processing system with cross-chain communication and self-evolving governance. It brings three innovations, namely scalable nodes across clusters of computers, resource isolation for smart contracts and voting through token holders.
ELF tokens are used to pay for resource fees used in the network, such as deployment of smart contracts, operating and upgrading of systems (transaction fees, cross-chain data transfer fees). It also enables the community to vote on major decisions, such as electing mining nodes, introducing new features to the system and other major decisions.
AdEx is a blockchain-based ad exchange aiming at disrupting the existing online advertising landscape and address its significant problems: advertising fraud, privacy and consent to receiving sponsored messages, etc.
AdEx is completely transparent and built on top of Ethereum smart contracts.
We believe we can empower advertisers and publishers with a platform that is secure, transparent and beneficial for all the parties involved in the process, consumers included.
Aragon is a decentralized platform built on the Ethereum network. It allows users to manage entire organizations on the blockchain offering several tools that allow users to managed these decentralized organizations with efficiency. This makes Aragon organizations more efficient and transparent compared to their traditional counterparties.The ANT will enable its holders to govern the Aragon Network.
Aragon organizations are powered by Ethereum, a blockchain based virtual computing platform. This ensures that your organization will always work, even if a government or malicious third party tries to tamper with it. The Aragon Network will be the first DAO whose goal is to act as a digital jurisdiction that makes it extremely easy and friendly for organizations, entrepreneurs and investors to operate
ARK provides users, developers, and startups with innovative blockchain technologies. We aim to create an entire ecosystem of linked chains and a virtual spiderweb of endless use-cases that make ARK highly flexible, adaptable, and scalable. ARK is a secure platform designed for mass adoption and will deliver the services that consumers want and developers need.
ARK is NOT just a cryptocurrency - it is an ecosystem meant for cryptocurrency mass adoption. By building the ARK platform on top of a highly secure core blockchain, integrating key decentralized technologies, and developing use cases to show off the abilities of the ARK network, ARK Crew provides a user-friendly platform to increase user adoption of blockchain technology as a whole. By leveraging and integrating these technologies, over time, the ARK ecosystem adapts to all new challenges head on - one advancement after another.
With further use case integrations, ARK Crew can develop successful consumer websites, products, and physical distribution networks with the intention of easing consumers into blockchain technologies and increasing general knowledge about the cryptocurrency industry.
BAT is a token for a decentralized ad exchange. It compensates the browser user for attention while protecting privacy.
BAT connects advertisers, publishers, and users and is denominated by relevant user attention, while removing social and economic costs associated with existing ad networks, e.g., fraud, privacy violations, and malvertising.
BAT is a payment system that rewards and protects the user while giving better conversion to advertisers and higher yield to publishers.
BAT and associated technologies will be a future part of web standards, solving the important problem of monetizing publisher content while protecting user privacy.
BitBay’s name is a portmanteau of Bitcoin and eBay. In a sense, that’s a useful way to think about what the platform does. It’s a marketplace for users to list items for sale and negotiate prices. Those prices are denominated in BAY, the platform’s cryptocurrency. BitBay is a Proof of Stake cryptocurrency with a 1% APY in staking rewards. BitBay provides many additional tools like smart-contract capabilities, an in-wallet decentralized e-commerce platform, "Pay-to-Email" transactions, asset pegging and more.
The project aims to be the new standard for eCommerce, allowing individuals to trade one-to-one at scale. As a result, BitBay claims it will revolutionize global trade. It’s seemingly a great solution for other niche applications as well, where groups of people aren’t served by existing marketplaces
BlockCAT, short for Blockchain Complex Automated Transactions, is a decentralized platform that provides an easy to use web portal, hand crafted by our expert engineering team, to allow end users and organizations the ability to provision and deploy the smart contracts that drive these complex transactions, zero programming required. Other payment processing solutions can be eliminated from your financial workflow to reduce costs and streamline processes to increase efficiency.
The BlockCAT marketplace will allow anyone to contribute and sell smart contracts, while our custom designed contract auditing system keeps our users safe in a completely decentralized manner. The BlockCAT platform will not require users of our smart contracts to know how to write any code, unlocking access to services that they would otherwise not be capable of using.
BlackCoin is a peer-to-peer cryptocurrency. BlackCoin uses a proof-of-stake system and is open-source.BlackCoin was created by the developer Rat4, with the goal of proving that BlackCoin’s way of disabling proof-of-work is stable and secure. BlackCoin secures its network through a process called "minting". Transactions in BlackCoin were called "significant" in a Citibank whitepaper.
Bancor is a cryptocurrency and decentralization protocol startup out of Switzerland. The protocol hopes to solve liquidity issues with smaller market cap tokens that rely on current centralized and regulated exchanges to be liquid. The intention is to generate a platform that anyone can use to generate a peer to peer trades through a smart token system. Smart Tokens will allow this buy being held with a reserve and contract supply of each ERC-20 compatible token available. Each of these tokens will allow the supply of other tokens to become greater or less depending on whether the user chooses to hold or liquidate the smart tokens.
BITSEND (BSD) is digital cash you can spend anywhere, on the BitSend platform, miners can earn money by securing the blockchain and so-called “master nodes” are rewarded for saving the blockchain and making it available to users.Nodes are a layer of networks that work in secured patterns to provide a variety of decentralized services. They also protect against threats from low-cost networks. The more master nodes a network has, the more secure is the performance in the network and the greater the capacity for end users to transfer digital money globally and 24/7.
The BitSend Core 0.14 Wallet is a wallet that implements SegWit technology. This means that it is possible for software to separate transaction signatures from the part of the data of a transaction that is hidden by “txid”. If you want to mine BitSend, the following key data is relevant for you: BitSend can be mined with the algorithm Xevan.
TenX bills itself as the way to use cryptocurrency to make everyday purchases. In their own words: “At TenX we work on making any blockchain asset spendable instantly.” TenX started life as OneBit, a payment card linked to a bitcoin wallet. When Bitcoin began to give up some of it’s cryptocurrency market share, the OneBit team identified an opportunity in developing an exchange platform that could open their project to this broadening market. The platform they came up with is called the COMIT network.
The COMIT Network COMIT stands for Cryptographically-secure Off-chain Multi-asset Instant Transaction network. It’s a mouthful. But when you boil it down, It’s just a way to process transactions rapidly, and across blockchain assets. So if you’ve got a customer and they want to pay you in Litecoin but you want to take payment in Bitcoin, COMIT can help.
Cofound.it is a distributed global platform that connects exceptional startups, experts and investors worldwide platform, it is a platform that connects teams that have trained to become serious blockchain businesses.
Cofound.it is a self-sustained business consultancy, focusing on carefully-selected projects. Their ultimate goal is to build a platform where hundreds of thousands of the best startups go to expand their potential and find investment. A platform where millions of experts with proven track records offer their expertise. And a platform where tens of millions of investors go to find the best projects to support without worrying about their legitimacy.
CLAMs are a form of digital value, or currency, that is transferred, created, and verified by the collective effort of the computers running the CLAMs software. Similar to Bitcoin, the original technology on top of which CLAMs was created, this network follows a rigorous protocol to ensure that consensus and verification are maintained. The Clams coin is based on the proof-of-stake principle (PoS) and the blockchain, unlike many other cryptocurrencies, which are based on bitcoin and copy the basic structure, Clams Coin sees itself as an innovative variation of the actual bitcoin code.
The CLAM network is a peer-to-peer network consisting of computers that have the CLAMS software installed.By installing and starting CLAMS, each computer automatically becomes a part of the network and helps drive decentralization. Each additional computer in the network makes it possible to verify transactions and mine the coins. In addition, the CLAM network is secured by the proof-of-stake principle. This means that more coins will be dug. With CLAM, a coin is dug every minute, whereby a random user who is currently using the software carries out the verification of the blockchain and receives this coin. The entire process runs in the background so that the user does not have to actively design the verification process.
CloakCoin is a cryptocurrency designed to facilitate private, secure and untraceable decentralized transfers with Enigma.It is a dual PoW/PoS (Proof of Work, Proof of Stake) coin, which is now in the Proof-of-Stake (interest bearing) stage.
Enigma is CloakCoin’s private, secure and untraceable payment system, that forms the basis of future development and provides the underlying transaction system for the decentralized applications running on the CloakCoin network.
CreditBit was launched in 2015, with an aim to provide financial services using the blockchain technology, it was initially developed on the Bitcoin-like blockchain and later in 2017 migrated to Ethereum blockchain. Despite having most of its properties similar to Bitcoin blockchain, CreditBit offered solutions for faster transactions and hybrid Proof of Work/Proof of Stake consensus mechanism.
Credit 2.0 project was launched in January 2017, That project has many platforms, including CreditGame, CreditMC, CreditDAO etc. CreditBit has several appealing features: Proof of Trust, a locking mechanism that is a prerequisite for Token issuance and a voting process, CreditGAME, and CreditBOND as two main distribution mechanisms, CreditDAO will be used as a Community consensus platform, enabling voting for proposals and elections of leveraged rights titles - Trust Levels
Civic is a decentralized identity ecosystem that allows for on-demand, secure and lower cost access to identity verification via the blockchain. Through a digital Identity platform, users to set up their own virtual identity and to store it along with their personally identifiable information on the device. This information will go through a verification process conducted by the identity validators on the platform and then ported into the blockchain where service providers can access it with the proper permission from the user.
CVC is an Ethereum-based token used by service providers that are looking to acquire information about a user. These can make a payment in CVC. The smart contract system employed will then see funds delivered to both the validator and the identity owner (user).
Use Dash to make instant, private payments online or in-store using our secure open-source platform hosted by thousands of users around the world.
At Dash’s core is a unique fully-incentivized peer-to-peer network. Miners are rewarded for securing the blockchain and masternodes are rewarded for validating, storing and serving the blockchain to users. Masternodes represent a new layer of network servers that work in highly secure clusters called quorums to provide a variety of decentralized services, like instant transactions, privacy and governance, while eliminating the threat of low-cost network attacks.
In Dash, everyone has a voice and the ability to propose projects directly to the network. Anything you can do - from marketing to development - that helps Dash grow and improve can be funded. This means Dash funds its own growth and adoption, consensus is guaranteed, and everyone is accountable to the network.
Thanks to incentivization, Dash’s network has grown to 4,100 masternodes since launch in 2014, meaning Dash’s peer-to-peer network is one of the largest in the world. More nodes means more secure services, and more capacity for end-users to access Digital Cash from anywhere in the world, 24/7.
Decred is built in the spirit of open participation and we have provided below a full disclosure of the technical features of the system, wallets and mining, initial funding and distribution, project governance and development, and a group contribution timeline.
Decred opted for a different funding model in an attempt to shift the risk carried by supporters to the developers of the project. Instead of asking interested parties to fund the development of the software, the developers decided to pool funds together and carry the project to completion before making it public. The consensus was that this is an ethical path given the realities of funding software development, due to the fact that the developers alone carry the risk of the project failing, whereas in the past potential users were expected to pay for coins before any code was written. We felt this was unjust.
DigiByte is a public, rapidly growing and highly decentralized blockchain. DigiBytes are digital assets that cannot be destroyed, counterfeited or hacked, making them ideal for protecting objects of value like currency, information, property or important digital data. DigiBytes can be sent over the DigiByte Blockchain and forever recorded on an immutable public ledger that is decentralized on thousands of computers across the planet.
DigiByte has the following features - Global Decentralization The DigiByte blockchain is spread over a 200,000+ servers, computers, phones, and nodes worldwide. 5 Mining Algorithms DigiByte uses five secure and advanced cryptographic mining algorithms to prevent mining centralization compared to single algorithm blockchains. Advanced Difficulty Stability Difficulty adjustments protect a blockchain from several forms of malicious attacks. By creating and implementing DigiShield & MultiShield, DigiByte has the most advanced difficulty stability of any blockchain in the world today.
Digix provides a use case for the tokenisation and documentation of physical assets through its Proof of Asset (PoA) protocol. The PoA protocol utilises Ethereum and the InterPlanetary Files System (IPFS) to track an asset through its chain of custody. This allows for the open and public verification of an asset’s existence without a centralised database. Digix also offers an API allowing other applications to be built on top of our asset tokenisation service. Thus far, Digix has created two types of Ethereum tokens - each with unique properties. These two tokens complement each other to ensure their joint success.
DGX The future gold-standard for value exchange in the Ethereum ecosystem. Each token represents 1 gram of 99.99% LBMA standard gold and secured in Safehouse vaults. On-chain proof of auditing; no fractional reserve; fully allocated. Redeem 100 DGX tokens for 100g of physical gold via personal or mail.
DGD Claim quarterly rewards based on the total DGX collected through transaction fees. Used to pledge on DigixDAO proposals with the goal of increasing DGX adoption. DGD value fluctuates based on exchange rates and market forces. There are 2,000,000 DGD tokens in existence.
Circulating supply: 2,000,000
district0x is a network of decentralized markets and communities. Create, operate, and govern. Powered by Ethereum, Aragon, and IPFS.Aragon is a revolutionary new platform for the deployment of unstoppable virtual organizations and entities. The creation of a district on the district0x Network will establish an accompanying Aragon entity, where all of the district’s governance and decision making processes will be executed. The district0x Network Token (DNT) is a staking token, used by holders to join districts and participate in their governance. Upon staking district0x Network Tokens to a district, participants receive an equivalent amount of voting rights in the district.
The district0x Genesis Contract will mint 1,000,000,000 DNT tokens. On July 18th, 2017, district0x Factory is hosting an initial contribution period to kick off the process of distributing DNT tokens and to support the continued development efforts of the district0x Project.
Radium is a proof-of-stake based cryptocurrency. It is a distributed blockchain with nodes all around the world. Available on Windows, MacOS and Linux. The Radium client can easily run on low-end ARM devices such as a Raspberry Pi. You can also use Radium as a Blockchain as a Service (BaaS) platform on Azure, AWS and Docker.
The Radium SmartChain is a data-layer on top of the Radium blockchain which provides advanced blockchain file verification and identity functionality. This allows users to benefit from more advanced blockchain features not available on any other cryptocurrency. The user-friendly GUI means anybody can take full advantage of the functionality provided by the SmartChain
Lisk is a Blockchain application platform, established in early 2016. Based on its own Blockchain network and token LSK, Lisk will enable developers to create, distribute and manage decentralized Blockchain applications by deploying their own sidechain linked to the Lisk network, including a custom token. Thanks to the flexibility of sidechains, developers can implement and customize their Blockchain applications entirely.
Factom (FCT) is a decentralised, open-source cryptocurrency platform launched in September 2015. Unlike Bitcoin whose blockchain is used for currency transactions only, Factom comes with an enhanced blockchain that allows anyone to add new entries to the blockchain, including contracts and agreements in the form of scripts and applications. In other words, Factom creates an additional data layer (a record-keeping system) on top of the blockchain. As an incentive to maintain the network and to distribute the blockchain, Factom issues "factoids", or tokens that can be traded on cryptocurrency exchanges.
Waves Platform is a global public blockchain platform, founded in 2016. Waves Platform’s mission is to reinvent the DNA of entrepreneurship around the world by providing a shared infrastructure, offering easy-to-use, highly functional tools to make blockchain available to every person or organization that can benefit from it.
Feathercoin is an upgraded and customised version of Bitcoin. Feathercoin was born with the intent to expand, experiment, and build onto the blockchain technology in a manner open to all for participation. Block hashing uses the excellent NeoScrypt which is an updated version of Scrypt using modern faster elements.
Feathercoin is also ten times faster than Bitcoin having 60 second blocks giving it that many times more capacity for transactions. The difficulty adjust eHRC (enhanced Hash Rate Compensation) to make sure that blocks come in on average at 60 seconds is also a unique solution first developed by Feathercoin and now used by several popular coins. Automatic Checkpointing is used to protect the history of the chain and prevent 51% attacks reversing transactions.
FunFair is a decentralised gaming platform powered by Ethereum smart contracts. Thanks to our breakthrough technology, it is the first platform to solve the big challenges that have made other blockchain casinos unplayable. Our vision is a limitless universe of transparent, secure casinos that can be easily created by anyone, anywhere, where games are fun, fast and fair. That’s why we’re called FunFair.
The FUN token powers every aspect of FunFair’s Ethereum-based casino platform. Players will bet using FUN, developers and affiliates will be rewarded for their participation in FUN, and operators and licencees will pay players out using FUN. FUN will also power the smart contracts which run the platform, including FunFair’s unique new Random Number Generator.
Gnosis is a decentralized prediction market built on the Ethereum protocol. Gnosis provides an open platform for anyone to predict the outcome of any event and plans to drastically simplify the creation of customized prediction market applications. GNO is an Ethereum-based token that is used to incentivize long-term participation in the Gnosis platform.
Golem is a global, open source, decentralized supercomputer that anyone can access. It is made up of the combined power of users’ machines, from PCs to entire data centers.Golem is capable of computing a wide variety of tasks, from CGI rendering, through machine learning to scientific computing. Golem’s limitations are only defined by our developer community’s creativity
Golem creates a decentralized sharing economy of computing power and supplies software developers with a flexible, reliable and cheap source of computing power.
Matchpool is a platform that creates human connections.They want to build a platform for matchmakers by allowing anyone to create their own community ‘pool’ for free and invite their members to their pool. End users of our platform will be able to find connections on the app by joining the pools that best cater to their needs.
Anyone can open and manage their own ‘pool’ and become a community / pool owner. A pool owner can set their own ‘pool rules’ and terms. Pool owners are rewarded when they create matches inside of their pool.
Humaniq is a new generation financial services with its own cryptocurrency, which is aimed at eradicating poverty amongst millions of people living in the emerging economies. It has primarily two use cases- 1.For the unbanked people, Humaniq opens up the benefits of financial inclusion and grants access to a series of financial services. 2.For businesses, Humaniq enables start-ups and projects to offer their services to an audience of billions.
Humaniq use cases are- 1.Zero fee money transfers 2.Remote work 3.Charity without corruption 4.Guarantor lending 5.Direct lending to entrepreneurs
ICONOMI is a fintech start-up company, developing a blockchain-based ICONOMI digital asset management platform. Using Ethereum smart contracts, we started value token services in a revolutionary way. From the beginning, we have been building a different kind of company that connects people around the world through the latest disruptive ideas and provides them with a unique set of tools to take an active part in the distributed economy. ICONOMI's mission is to give everyone the chance to enter the world of digital assets and make the new economy more open and connected.
ICONOMI is a group of talented teammates with a variety of expertise and knowledge. Constantly working in an atmosphere of consideration, experimentation, and creation, strong values and relations are even more important to us. Since progress is never neither swift nor easy, we support a sense of togetherness and diversity of perspectives.
I/O Digital is open source blockchain ecosystem project actively developed by a team of blockchain security and cryptocurrency experts.I/O Digital was launched in July 2014. There are around 16.3 million IOC in circulation with a maximum cap of 22 Million.They started as I/O Coin (IOC) without any Initial Coin Offer (ICO) or Premine. IOC was fair launched just like bitcoin, litecoin & peercoin. IOC was launched via X11 Proof of Work (PoW) mining period before switching over to our own unique flavor of Proof of Stake (PoS) POS I/O to secure our blockchain. In 2016 The I/O Digital foundation was formed to further awareness of the open source public blockchain as it was done for bitcoin, litecoin and a few other fair launched projects.
DIONS V.2 and a project codenamed "Chameleon - a Bitcoin identity sidechain & a Multi Blockchain smart contract Ecosystem" DIONS enables data on the blockchain, with capabilities of document and identity storage. DIONS also allows for AES 256 encrypted messaging, along with a complete Alias system. The IOC data, messaging / alias system fees are redistributed to all active stakers in the network. This ensures further IOC distribution, and incentives users to stake while securing the network.
The Internet of People is a set of P2P networks, designed to enable direct device to device P2P communication using P2P apps.The IOP token is required to use the Internet of people infrastructure, The main purpose of the network is to allow my device to connect directly to your device without using any service of any company in the process of establishing the connection or during the interaction.
IOP is created by Fermat, a group of pioneers, developers, inventors, and dreamers, discovering new paths, trying to change the world.
The Komodo Platform focuses on providing complete end-to-end blockchain solutions for developers of any level and any industry. It is simple yet powerful, offering customized blockchain solutions that are easy to deploy, and configurable to meet your needs. Their vision is to build a robust ecosystem of partners and developers, where together they can create an environment that accelerates anyone’s journey into blockchain technology.
The project’s primary goal is to decentralize token/coin issuance, exchange, and distribution. However, it also provides a framework for dapps (decentralized apps) and corporate blockchain solutions. It has accomplished this by introducing one of the most complete and trustless ecosystems in cryptocurrency. Komodo Platform is the first cryptocurrency project to provide decentralized atomic swaps with automatic decentralized order matching. It is also the first project to create a private ICO participation mechanism and distribution by leveraging Jumblr and BarterDEX technology (dICO).
LBRY is a free, open, and community-run digital marketplace.You own your data. You control the network. Indeed, you are the network. The Library Credits blockchain project claims to solve the problem of content censorship and centralized control. Its content is divided and distributed over the network, and cannot be censored, shut down or limited for some geographic areas.
There will be a total of one billion Library Credits. Currently, only around 68 million tokens are in circulation, which puts the LBC token around position 150 on CoinMarketCap. The token is supposedly used to pay for content and there is an additional payment system to avoid loading the main blockchain with payments.
Bitcoin Gold is a fork of the Bitcoin blockchain that will occur on October 25, 2017. At the predetermined block height, Bitcoin Gold miners will begin creating blocks with a new proof-of-work algorithm, and this will cause a bifurcation of the Bitcoin blockchain. The original Bitcoin blockchain will continue on unaltered, but a new branch of the blockchain will split off from the original chain. The new branch is a distinct blockchain with the same transaction history as Bitcoin up until the fork, but then diverges from it. As a result of this process, a new cryptocurrency will be born.
The purpose of Bitcoin Gold is to make Bitcoin mining decentralized again. Satoshi Nakamoto’s idealistic vision of “one CPU one vote” has been superseded by a reality where the manufacture and distribution of mining equipment has become dominated by a very small number of entities, some of which have engaged in abusive practices against individual miners and the Bitcoin network as a whole. By changing Bitcoin’s proof-of-work algorithm from SHA256 to Equihash, all of the specialized SHA256 mining equipment will be obsolete for mining the Bitcoin Gold blockchain. Thus, Bitcoin Gold will provide an opportunity for countless new people around the world to participate in the mining process with widely-available consumer hardware that is manufactured and distributed by reputable mainstream corporations. A more decentralized, democratic mining infrastructure is more resilient and more in line with Satoshi’s original vision.
Lunyr is an Ethereum-based decentralized crowdsourced encyclopedia which rewards users with app tokens for peer-reviewing and contributing information. We aim to be the starting point of the internet for finding reliable, accurate information. Our long-term vision is to develop a knowledge base API that Artificial Intelligence, Virtual Reality, Augmented Reality and other software can use to create next generation decentralized applications.
LUN are used to place ads on the platform. They function as part of the incentive system to drive contribution and peer review. LUN follow the ERC20 Token Standard.
Siacoin (SC) is the blockchain based, decentralized private cloud service running on blockchain technology. Sia storage platform uses underused hard drive capacities connected to each other to create a marketplace that is more reliable and accessible at a lesser cost than traditional cloud storage providers. SC will be used to pay for cloud storage also there would not be a single point of failure and therefore the uptime will be maximized. The decentralized cloud storage is expected to be cheaper than cloud service providers such as Amazon S3.
Siacoin (SC) takes digital files, splits them into pieces and then encrypts and distributes them the file-holders own their own keys, no third parties can access their data or control their files. Sia, as a concept, was first dreamt up at HackMIT, an annual student-run hackathon, back in 2013 and was officially launched in June of 2015; it is now backed by Boston-based firm Nebulous Inc, whose self-proclaimed mantra is: ‘Re-decentralizing the Internet’
Decentraland is a virtual reality platform powered by the Ethereum blockchain. Users can create, experience, and monetize content and applications. Land in Decentraland is permanently owned by the community, giving them full control over their creations. Users claim ownership of virtual land on a blockchain-based ledger of parcels. Landowners control what content is published to their portion of land, which is identified by a set of cartesian coordinates (x,y). Contents can range from static 3D scenes to interactive systems such as games.
Land is a non-fungible, transferrable, scarce digital asset stored in an Ethereum smart contract. It can be acquired by spending an ERC20 token called MANA. MANA can also be used to make in-world purchases of digital goods and services.
Monaco Technology GmbH with a vision of Cryptocurrency in Every WalletTM is the pioneering payments and cryptocurrency platform. The Monaco Visa card and mobile app allow users to buy, exchange, and spend fiat and cryptocurrencies, such as bitcoin and ethereum, at perfect interbank exchange rates
Founded in June 2016, Monaco raised US$26.7 million through one of the most successful Token Sale events to date. The company is headquartered in Switzerland with offices in Hong Kong and Singapore.
Monaco Visa cards can be reserved with the Monaco app available for download for iOS and Android users.
The Melon protocol is a blockchain protocol for digital asset management on the Ethereum platform. It enables participants to set up, manage and invest in digital asset management strategies in an open, competitive and decentralised manner. The usage token is called Melon token MLN and is a core component of the Melon project. It is designed to enjoy a “usage right” to the Melon protocol. To use the Melon protocol one has to use MLN token. This “usage fee” will most likely be imposed on trading.
MonaCoin is the first cryptocurrency of Japan.Mona coin is not a centralized type that someone manages and operates, it is a fully distributed payment system maintained by a client program executed on each user's PC. It’s one of the few currency in the world which is currently used for purchasing online/offline products and even the restaurants have started accepting monacoin in Japan.
MonaCoin successfully activated segwit before Litecoin did. http://monappy.jp is a MonaCoin marketplace where MonaCoin is the currency of exchange. Here you can make purchases of many items in MonaCoin. Monacoin has implemented Lightning Network, which will help the currency for faster transaction , instant payments , cross blockchain transaction and monacoin dev team is on it . With Segwit activated, Monacoin now is like Ethereum, Dash, and XMR combined.
The Mothership Coin is based on the ERC20 standard. Mothership is EU coin marketplace which combines a modern digital asset exchange. It has wallet providing blockchain financial services around the Estonian e-Residency program The platform can be used by everyone, but it is very beneficial for e-residents. This is a government-issued digital ID that anyone in the world can apply for at an Estonian embassy. A bank account can be linked to the e-residency card. This allows entrepreneurs to work online from anywhere in the world. The e-residency comes with a digital signature, which allows you to sign contracts with customers throughout the European Union without having to be physically present.
It combines the two-factor and e-residency authentication through the digital signature. With its cloud hosting, Mothership also offers a server less platform for apps. The user can create applications in any programming language and offer them on the platform.
Metal is a blockchain-based system utilizing Proof-of-Processed-Payments to identify users, rewarding them for converting legacy fiat currency into cryptocurrency. It is a system similar to bitcoin but with a user-friendly interface and front-end that is similar to Venmo, Square or PayPal. Metal can act as a bridge to bitcoin or any cryptocurrency available. Many small businesses across the world prefer to only accept cash. However, in an increasingly cashless society, refusing to accept digital and card payments can be problematic. Put simply, Metal believes cash only businesses can benefit by adopting cryptocurrency as a new new form of cash, as cryptocurrencies possess many of the same properties particularly around privacy, censorship resistance and fungibility. In order to bring digital payments into a world that utilizes blockchain-based technology over some traditional banking rails, Metal expects to save consumers 4-5% on all purchases.
Nav Coin is a decentralized cryptocurrency built on top of the latest version of Bitcoin Core, with added features and functionality. Nav Coin was created to make online payments easy to do, at low cost, and all the while making sure to protect your privacy. On top of a solid foundation, Nav Coin supports SegWit functionality, and easy to use wallets which are packed with advanced privacy features.
NuBits is one of the stable-value cryptocurrency issued by a Decentralized autonomous organization marketed under the same name. Nu shareholders place buy and sell orders at $1.00 using revenue from NuBit sales kept in external crypto assets and achieve stability in NuBits. NuBits has been able to maintain a $1.00 US price for one year, it is the first decentralized cryptocurrencies to do so.
NuBits has primary three use cases- 1. Buying- You can buy from NuBits $1.00 US means do not have to keep track of tax gains or losses on each purchase, unlike other digital currencies like Bitcoin, Litecoin, or Dogecoin. Buying products and services using digital currencies has just been made easier with NuBits. 2. Selling- NuBits has no physical transferring cost to get funds off-site, there are no vendor fees, and have multiple advances as compared to taking cash 3. Transferring- Transferring funds from NuBits requires pennies per transaction.
The Neblio Blockchain Platform is a development platform built to simplify and accelerate the development and deployment of distributed applications on the Neblio Blockchain, and potentially other blockchain networks in the future.
The Neblio Platform was built from the start for enterprise distributed application development. A suite of RESTful APIs, in almost all of today’s popular programming languages, will allow developers to intuitively interact with the Neblio blockchain network without having to know the complex details of blockchain technology.
Gulden is an alternative cryptocurrency which was founded in The Netherlands on April 8th, 2014. Gulden (NLG) is another national currency for the Netherlands. It was originally called Gulden coin. The focus of the Gulden project is a safe and fast decentralised blockchain that is easy to use for sending or receiving payments with as little effort or cost possible. There is no such thing as a leader or central authority and you are 100% responsible for your own management of your Guldens (money!)
Gulden Shares: It is possible to help the team supercharge the development by buying so-called Gulden Shares. These shares help the team to reach their development goals (as found on the development roadmap) faster. In return, you receive a healthy yearly return of 12% on top of your investment from the team.